Thursday, 23 February 2012

Pulmonary Emergencies

Pulmonary emergencies are generally caused due to the problem of pulmonary embolism which is caused due to formation of blood clot in the lungs. The lungs being an important part of the human body, any disorder to this organ can lead to various medical complications. The blood clot can also be formed in the vessels of legs, arms, pelvis, and heart. This clot then blocks the vessels and prohibits the normal flow of the blood to the different organs. 
This disorder then causes the ventilation problem in the lungs that further creates respiratory and blood generation problems. To avoid these complications, a person must take proper care and consult the doctor even for a small symptom of this disorder. Following is a detailed information about the causes, symptoms and treatments for pulmonary emergencies:

Causes of Pulmonary Emergencies:
Formation of the blood clot is one of the major causes of pulmonary embolism. However, following are some of the other causes of pulmonary emergencies:
  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Prolonged immobilization
  • Alteration of the normal blood flow
  • Hypercoagulability
  • Damage to the wall of veins
  • Smoking
  • Birth control pills
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Cancer
  • Surgery
The pulmonary emergencies can also be caused due to pregnancy, polycythemia, prolonged bed rest, etc.

Symptoms of Pulmonary Emergencies:
The symptoms of pulmonary emergencies are as follows:
  • Cough with bloody sputum
  • Shock
  • Cardiac arrest
    Breathing problems
  • Chest pain
  • Anxiety
  • Sweating
  • Sudden death
The symptoms also include the swelling of veins, pneumonia, pneumothorax, etc.

Treatments for Pulmonary Emergencies:
The treatments provided during the pulmonary emergencies are as follows:
  • Providing adequate oxygen to the patient
  • Anticoagulation
  • Thrombolytic therapy
  • Streptokinase
  • T-plasminogen activator
  • Blood thinning medications
  • Inferior vena cava filter
  • Surgery

The pulmonary emergencies if not given proper treatments on time can lead to various complications like heart failure, severe bleeding, heart palpitation, or death. Thus, one must take proper care of themselves and take immediate and proper treatments after diagnosis of this problem.

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